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Tuesday, January 12, 2010


Dear Friends,
Upagraha is basically the subject of Mahurta :


Gulik (mandi) etc are extensively used in Mahurta (electional)
astrology. BPHS and then later authorities in middle ages introduced it
in Jatak and Prashna Granths like Prshna Marg. Phala Deepika ,
Uttarkalamirta , Sarvarthchintamani ,Jatakprijat and other classics of
latter dates. Vahara Mihira did not mention it in Brihat Jatak.
On one hand ,earlier sages like Parasara and Jamini introduced it
or in the classics created in middle ages.
BPHS is very clear and instructs that gain mastery over Nakshatra
(Mahurta) Shastra . Thus if you study say Mahurta Chintamani ,there
will be no confusion as to how calculate and put to use thes upgraha.
All masters who had given references of gulika in classics on Jatak and Prasna ,expected us that we should learn these calculations from Classics on Mahurta.
Kingly refer Mahurta Chintamani Chapter One.
Sarvarthchintamani clearly says that Gulika and Mandi are different.
Method given by uttarkalamirta to calculate Mandi and Gulika is correct , as it has the origin in 15 Mahurta of two ghatis in a day prevalent all along in India.
A write up is attached:


the dispositor of Mandi the Lord of the Rashi where Mandi is located?//
Yes. Depositor of Mandi means, the lord of the Rashi where Mandi is
//Also could you explain the importance of Mandi and what is the calculation.//
Mandi is a technical name assigned to the ENDING point of a complete
Muhurta within the Yama of Saturn. The Day or Night is divided into 8
Yama each. Only one of that Yama would be of Saturn, and there would be only
one end point for a complete Muhurta within it and therefore Mandi rises only
once within a day or night. On -
Sunday = Mandi fall at the end of 13th Muhurta
Monday = Mandi fall at the end of 11th Muhurta
Tuesday = Mandi fall at the end of 9th Muhurta
Wednesday = Mandi fall at the end of 7th Muhurta
Thursday = Mandi fall at the end of 5th Muhurta
Friday = Mandi fall at the end of 3th Muhurta
Saturday = Mandi fall at the end of 1st Muhurta

Mandi Rise Muhurta time for night would be similar to 5th from that day.

The formula to calculate Mandi is -
Mandi (day) = [(Length of DAY)/15] x Mandi Muhurta count
Mandi (night) = [(Length of NIGHT)/15] x Mandi Muhurta count
This will
give Mandi rising time. The langa longitude at this time is termed Mandi.
Thus Mandi is the lagna longitude for the end point of a complete Muhurta
within the Yama of Saturn. (Please remember to use Local sunrise and sunset
only for calculating day span or night span.).

As I mentioned earlier, Mandi is the ending point of a complete
Muhurta within the Yama of Saturn. Where as Gulika is a technical name
assigned to the STARTING point of a YAMA of Saturn. What you get as
per BPHS calculation is Gulika and is not Mandi.
//Why is
there a difference? //
I hope the answer is clear - they are different. One (Mandi) is a
technical term given to the end point of a complete Muhurta where as the other
is a technical term for the beginning point. Their result and purpose
also differ slightly.

Love and regards,
Yet another article by Dr. Suresh chandra Misra is attached:
Top of Form 1
Gulika holds a position of prime importance in the evaluation of a natal chart. Also
called as Maandi, it, like Rahu and Ketu, has no physical existence. But
it always makes a difference in the natal chart output. Gulika is
generally considered the most malefic entity in a chart. According to the set
standards of assessment of maleficence, it surpasses all natural malefics.
Gulika enjoys a special status almost like an independent planet, and in
astrological classics it is considered as a minor planet or subplanet.
In the traditional astrological practice, the Gulika-Kundali (a
horoscopic chart, with houses reckoned from the position of Gulika) used to be
an essential component of the Janma-patri (the scroll carrying the horoscopic
details of a native, according to the traditional system of making horoscopes
in India).
Gulika and
In Vedic
astrology, Gulika and Maandi are considered synonymous although some people try
to differentiate between them. Gulika denotes a certain segment of time
controlled by Saturn. The word `Maandi' is derived from Manda or sluggish,
another name of Saturn. According to the Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra :
That is: Of the
same (i.e., Gulika), another name is Maandi.
Fixing the
The position of
Gulika is different for daytime (from sunrise to sunset) and night time (from
sunset to
sunrise). The duration of the day or of the night (as the case may be) is
divided into eight parts. The segment belonging to Saturn is known as Gulika.
For daytime, the first segment (the first one-eighth of the night) belongs to
the planetary lord of the weekday that falls fifth from the weekday under
consideration. The subsequent segments belong similarly to other planets that
rule the weekdays in natural order. The eighth part here too is without a lord.
In each case the part belonging to Saturn is called as Gulika.
The segment of
Saturn during the day or during the night would have some duration. Some people
think that the ending moment of Saturn's segment is the time to calculate the
position of Gulika. They determine the ascendant for the ending moment of
Saturn's part; the cusp thus obtained is considered the `longitude' of Gulika.
That is: The cusp of the sign rising at the beginning of the Gulika segment is
considered as Gulika-from this the chart must be analysed.
There is a
popular, but vague, method of finding out the Gulika. According to this, for a
day of 30 Ghatis, the rising time for Gulika during the day, for the seven days
from Sunday to Saturday, is at 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6 and 2 Ghatis from the time
of sunrise. For night time, the order from Sunday onwards is 10, 6, 2, 22, 18
and 14 ghatis from sunset. This method is not accurate. The Prashna Marga, a
south India treatise, also refers to the Gulika and Maandi being the same.
Results of
• Gulika in the
first house most certainly reduces the good results of the chart. The impact is
maximum in malevolence when the cusp of the lagna and the Gulika are close in
degrees. This means that birth taking place at the commencement of the
Gulika-kaala suffers the maximum affliction. In such a situation, the
Raja-yogas or other benefic yogas lose their potence. That is: Determine all
adverse results from Gulika's association.
• When the
nakshatra of the lagna and Gulika are mutually trinal, the basic benevolence of
the lagna nakshatra lord (LNL) is lost. Nakshatras 1, 10 and 19 are mutually
• Gulika spoils
the benefic significations of most of the houses by occupying them. Thus, all
troubles ensue when Gulika occupies the lagna. In the second house, it curtails
family comforts and financial savings. Poor social status results when Gulika
occupies the fourth house. In the fifth, it leads to troubles from progeny. And
so on.
• Of all the
sub-planets, Gulika and Yamakantaka (the subplanet represented by Jupiter's
segment) surpass all others in maleficence and beneficance respectively.
• Only in
houses 3, 6, 10 and 11 does Gulika generate benefical results. In the tenth
house, however, it indicates delay in getting established
in a career.
• The good
results of Gulika (from its placement in the above houses) are lost when the
rashi and navamsha lords of Gulika are neecha (debilitated) or combust.
Gulika with
Natural Karakas
The association
of Gulika with a natural Karaka (significator) always destroys the good effects
of that
Karaka. Classics hold the opinion that Gulika conjunct with the Sun creates
lack of comforts for father, with the Moon it is bad for mother, and with Mars
it is adverse for brother. When Gulika joins Mercury, the native becomes
mentally disturbed. With Jupiter, the native becomes a hypocrite. Gulika with
Venus brings troubles from women and ruins marital life. Association with
Saturn leads to disease and skin disorder, with Rahu it leads to proneness to
infection, and with Ketu fear from fire.
Gulika can alter the results of other planetary yogas in the chart. All good
yogas are lost when the birth time and the Gulika-Kaala coincide together with
another inauspicious factor like Mahapaata, Gandanta, Visha-Ghati, etc.
In Chart 1
(born on May 6, 1982; at 11:30 hours; in Nepal), the lagna is Karka
(Cancer), at 23º06'. Gulika lagna is 2S11º54', associated with Rahu. The native
is mentally retarded. A Mahapaata birth is also confirmed here.
A Special
A point 180º
from Gulika is also considered as acutely malefic in the natal chart. This
point must be taken into consideration when the lethal potential of a planet is
to be determined. This is better known as the Pramaana Gulika in Vedic
astrology. The dispositor of Gulika or Pramaana Gulika may prove fatal during
its dasha, etc., displacing the other maraka or killer planets.
Dashas and
• The dasha
periods of the dispositor of Gulika or its navamsha lord may prove hazardous.
Chart 2 (born on October 17, 1955; at 17:30 hours; at Pune) belongs to an
erstwhile famous ?? actress, Smita Patil. Her lagna is Meena (Pisces) while
Gulika occupies Makara (Capricorn) in the eleventh house. She died of
meningitis in the Saturn-Mars period. Saturn is the rashi lord of Gulika while
Mars is its navamsha lord.
• Gulika in
houses 1, 5 or 9 authorises the lagna lord to disburse the maraka effect during
its dasha.
• Trouble
results during the dasha of a planet that happens to be an associate of Gulika
in the rashi chart.
• Severe
troubles are also likely during the dasha of any planet associating with Gulika
in the navamsha or the dwadashamsha charts.
• Specially
adverse results ensue during the dasha period, of Jupiter or Saturn when they
associate with Gulika in the navamsha, or the dasha of the Sun when it
associates with Gulika in the dwadashamsha, or that of the Moon associating
with Gulika in the Trimamsha chart.
• The Pramaana
Gulika deserves the same treatment as Gulika (vide supra).
• The transit
of Saturn and Jupiter over the navamsha sign lord of Gulika, that of the Sun
over the Dwadashamsha sign lord of Gulika, and that of the Moon over the
Trimshamsha sign lord of Gulika, put the native in trouble.
• All trikona (1, 5, 9) rashis should be considered in application of transits.
Gulika and
• Gulika is
extremely important as an active killer in Vedic astrology. It is used in the
judgement of longevity, along with dasha and transit.
• The lagna,
the Moon and Gulika falling in Dwiswabha (dual) or
Sthira (fixed) signs prompt multiple ailments and fatality. In Chara (movable)
signs, it leads to good health and long life.
• The lagna,
the Moon and Gulika falling in mutual trikonas in the navamsha chart,
particularly in rashis 4, 8 and 12 are fatal. Such a native is disease prone
and accident prone.
Gulika and Longevity
For the
calculation of longevity, the lagna, the Moon the Sun and Gulika are all
important. A special rule for assessment of longevity involves using the cusp
of the lagna and the longitudes of the Sun, the Moon and Gulika. This is as
Lagna ´ 5 + Gulika = Prana Sphnt
Moon ´ 8 + Gulika = Deha Sphnt
Gulika ´ 7 + Sun = Mrityu Sphnt
When the sum of Prana and Deha is more then the Mrityu, the native is likely to
live long. However, if Mirtyu is bigger than the Sun of Prana and Deha, a
rudder end of life is indicated.
Chart 3 (born on November 19, 1917; at 23:11 hours IST; at Allahabad) belongs to the Late Indian Prime
Minister Indira Gandhi. Here, the lagna is 3S27º22', the Sun is 7S04º7', the
Moon 9S05º35' and Gulika 1S29º23'.
The sum of Prana and Deha is 1S2º16' while Mrityu is 2S15º04'. The native met a
tragic end.
• Although
Gulika is favoured in the third house, it turns death-inflicting when joined by
or aspected by Saturn.
• Gulika in the
third with the Moon or receiving the full aspect of the Moon causes
tuberculosis or other internal fatal disease.
Results of Gulika
• Add the cusp
of the lagna to the `longitude' of Gulika. The month when the Sun transits the
resultant sign leads to troubles and miseries.
• The most
hazardous day is when the Moon transits the sign obtained from adding the
longitude of the Moon to that of Gulika.
• Add the
lagna, the Moon and Gulika. The resultant `rashi' is to be considered fatal.
The month, the day and the lagna indicated by the sum obtained above must be
avoided in all major ventures.
In the example (chart 3) given above, Gulika is at 1S29º23'. This indicates
Kanya (Virgo) navamsha, Mesha (Aries) Dwadashamsha and Vrishchika (Scorpio)
Trimshamsha for Gulika. The native was shot dead on October 31, 1984 at around
10:00 hours IST, at Delhi (Chart 4). The ascendant is Vrishchika, with Saturn in Tula along with the Sun, Jupiter and Gulika
are in Dhanu (Sagittarius). The Moon is in Makara (Capricorn) while the
navamsha lagna is Meena (Pisces).
Adding the Moon and Gulika of the native of chart 3, we get Meena (Pisces).
This is in time with the
rising lagna of chart 4 as well as with its navamsha lagna. The natal Gulika
was in Mesha (Aries) Dwadashamsha (Chart 3). At the time of the fatal mishap,
Jupiter and Gulika were in times of Mesha
(see chart 4).
Gulika and
• Gulika in the
fifth house, particularly in rashis 3, 6, 10 and 11, leads to lack of children.
In such a situation, the native is likely to have some defect in his generative
• Gulika may
ensure successful conception when: (i) Gulika and the Moon are in the same
sign; (ii) Gulika is with the fifth lord; (iii) Gulika is aspected by the fifth
lord; (iv) Gulika in the other sign of the fifth lord; (v) Navamsha lords of
Gulika and the Moon are related mutually.
• A successful
conception results when Jupiter transits the times of Gulika rashi or Gulika
navamsha rashi. When Gulika is in any of the first six rashis (Mesha to Kanya),
consider the transit of Jupiter
from the Gulika rashi. When it is in the last six signs (Tula to Meena), consider the transit from
Gulika navamsha rashi.
Gulika in
Special Lagnas
• Gulika in
houses 1 or 7 in the Pada Lagna causes grey hair, ill health and serious
disease of the stomach.
• When AK and
Gulika occupy the Karkamsha lagna and both are aspected by the waxing Moon,
there ensue losses from repeated theft.
• The native
dies of poisoning if Gulika in Karkamsha lagna is not aspected by any planet.
It may be noted that the same aspects, as applicable to the natal chart, are to
be applied to all the special lagna charts like Karakamsha, Pada, Upa-pada,
Navamsha, etc.
from Gulika
The dispositor
of Gulika, a its navamsha lord, placed in a kendra or trikona,
or in its own sign or in exaltation, mollifies the adverse effects of Gulika
and gives yoga effects, though its lethal propensity (markatwa) would remain
That is: Let the Gulika be in a kendra, a trikona, or be strong, in its own
house, or in exaltation or in a friendly house. A potent Raja-yoga results from
this disposition.
In chart 3
(vide supra), Gulika is in the eleventh house. Its sign lord Venus is strong,
in its own navamsha. The Gulika navamsha rashi lord in time shows a good and
strong Raja-yoga.
In the
horoscope of Mr. Chandra Babu Naidu (Chart 5, born on April 27, 1951; at 6:30
hours IST; at Hyderabad), the lagna is 0S22º16'. Gulika is 1S08º37'. Gulika
rashi lord Venus and navamsha lord Jupiter, are in there own signs. Its
Dwadashamsha lord Sun is exalted. A strong Raja-yoga is formed and the native
becomes powerful during Jupiter dasha. During Jupiter-Venus, the Raja-yoga
results would be enhanced.
Ms Jai Lalitha
(Chart 6) was born on February 24, 1948; 14:34 hours IST; at Chennai. Gulika is
at 1S20º14' in the twelfth house. However, its rashi lord Venus is exalted in
the tenth house. This exhibits a potential Raja-yoga.
To Mitigate
the Evil
The evil of
Gulika must be neutralised by prescribed remedies. One should worship lord
Shiva regularly in the evening, bow down to the Sun-god and lord Vishnu in the
morning, and light a holy lamp of `ghee' before a Shiva temple. This would defy
the evil arising out of an adverse disposition of Gulika.
Source ::
Significance of Gulika by Dr. Suresh Chandra Mishra

I hope these write ups will be of some help.
Best regards,