Purascharana means pura charati iti, that means, that which is performed before or prior. Before the deity or prior to the mantra siddhi. We will come to the q what is mantra siddhi later. Now, what should be done before or prior to complete a purascharana.
- 'Rishi' or The Seer
- 'Chanda or method of pronunciation.
- 'Devta' or The Presiding Deity of mantra
- 'Bija' or The Seed .
- 'Shakti' or The Power
- 'Kilaka' or The Pillar
The intensions of the Mantra worshipper or 'Mantra Shadak' are his or her responsibility. One must thus be clear about why one picks up this tool of Mantra meditation. Good or bad Karmas are categorized according to the effect they create inside and outside the individual, who should be prepared to acknowledge responsibility for the same.
Chanda - The way the mantra is to be recited.
The raga is comparable to a western melody line - a sound or sequence of single sounds, without harmony. When chanting a Mantra, it is extremely important not to change the raga and its key, because the rate of vibration on which the sound is based on integral part of the Mantra.
Devta - Presiding Deity
The Devta is the presiding deity of the mantra. The informing powers a very personal aspect of God. It is the wisdom that comes from a higher source and is like a single beam of sunlight. One beam that is singled out and given a name so that the disciple can develop a personal relationship with and worship on aspect of God that he or she can understand and experience.
Bija - Seed of mantra
Each mantra has a Bija or seed. This represents the sound string defined by the Seers as being the repository of auditory energy sources. The form and content of the Bija have been handed down from the ages. The Bija gives the mantra in which it is used, its special power of self-generation and effects. Just as within a seed is hidden within tree, so too, the energy of the mantra is resident in the seed on which it is based. This helps the mantra to manifest itself into spiritual consciousness.
Shakti - The Power
The power, the consciousness, within the mantra is 'Shakti' - the Divine Mother, the goddess of the spoken word. The male aspect of the God is energy in a state of equilibrium; the female aspect is the dynamic energy, which manifests as Creation. This energy is the source of creation of all living beings. In the mantra this energy is present in a pure form. The potency of the mantra is realized through repetitions, until the individual chanting the same, feels the presence of God. This is a spiritual experience, which the Mantras help to bring about.
Kilaka - The Balancing force of mantra
The Kilaka is at first, the driving force, the persistence and will power that the discipline needs to pursue the Mantra. But when the power of the Mantra begins to take on a self generating 'flywheel motion', the Kilaka becomes a very fine thread joining the discipline to the mantra, to the power of the mantra, to the Guru and to the deity, until all are manifest as one.
Lets say you are not doing a complete Anushthaan, you are doing just some Prayog... in Prayog the procedure is again clearly defined by the person given that Prayog, that means Guru, it can be using a Yantra with specific Mantra and Tantra for 11, 21, 45... any no of fixed days. Prayog is a specialized way, empowered by a Guru, works primarily for his disciples. Others have minimum effect (yes this is the truth, try it). Or you just want the normal benefit from a Mantra, even in that case, it is a well known fact that the bare minimum required for working any Tantra or Mantra or Yantra is the knowledge of its Viniyog which compromises --
(2) Rishi (Creator of Mantra, Seer who first attained or mastered the Mantra)
(3) Chhand (Meter of Mantra or pattern of pronunciation)
(4) Devataa (Name of deity)
(5) Beejam (main seed for power source of Mantra)
(6) Shakti (you can say main power enhancer, like to mature the seed)
(7) Keelak (the unlocking password)
(8) Abheesht Arth (your purpose of chanting)