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Sunday, July 4, 2010

Yogakarakas

Yogakarakas
(Translation and notes)
Chapter 34 of Brhat Parashara Hora Shastra




1. O Brahmin, thus I have told you about the effects,
derivable through Karakamsa. Now listen to the
effects, arising out of lordships of Grahas over
Bhavas.
2-7. Nature due to Lordships of Grahas. Benefics,
owning Kendras, will not give benefic effects, while
malefics, owning Kendras, will not remain
inauspicious.
This particular aspect of lordship goes by the name of
Kendradhipatya dosa. The term suggests the evil
arising by the virtue of lordship of a Kendra.
Maharishi Parashara says that, benefic owing Kendra
loses it beneficence while malefic loses its
malfeasance owning Kendras. However it is not said
that Benefics become malefics and malefics,
benefics. There is a subtle difference between them, a
benefic after losing its beneficence becomes a neutral
planet only and so does a malefic.
The Lord of a Kona will give auspicious results. The
Lord of Lagna is especially auspicious, as Lagna is a
Kendra, as well as a Kona. Putr and Dharma Bhava
are specially for wealth, while Yuvati and Karma
Bhava are especially for happiness.
The Kendras, 1st, 4th, 7th and 10 are the houses of
happiness whereas the Konas, 1st, 5th and 9th are the
houses of wealth. Lagna being a Kendra and a Kona
are especially auspicious.
Any Grah, owning Sahaj, Ari, or Labh Bhava, will
give evil effects.
The lords of 3rd, 6th and 11th are inauspicious. They
combinedly go by the name of Trisdhadaya.
The effects, due to the Lords of Vyaya and Randhr
Bhava, will depend on their association.
8th and 12th lord are neutral. They beget their nature
based on their other lordship or association. For
example for Gemini Lagna, Saturn being the 8th and
9th lord becomes auspicious for the native.
In each group the significance will be in the
ascending order.
This says that among the Kendra, 10th is the strongest
one, among the Konas, 9th is the strongest one and
among the trishadayas, 11th is the strongest one.
Randhr’s Lord is not auspicious, as he owns the 12th
from Dharma Bhava. If the Lord of Randhra Bhava
simultaneously owns Sahaj, Yuvati, or Labh Bhava,
he will prove specifically harmful, while his
simultaneous ownership of a Kona will bestow
auspicious effects.
Even though 8th house is neutral it is not auspicious
as it signifies loss (12th) of dharma (9th). If the 8th lord
simultaneously owns the trishadayas, it shall be
extremely inauspicious. However if it owns the
Konas, it shall be auspicious.
If a Kendra or Kona lord simultaneously lord over the
8th house, it will not contribute to Rajayoga (Kendra
& Kona lord association). Hence 8th lord can be
termed as Yoga-breaker. Thus whenever there is any
association of the 8th lord in any yoga, it gets broken
or nullified.
The Graha, owning a predominant Bhava, will stall
the effects, due to another, owning a less significant
Bhava and will give his own results.
If a planet owns two bhavas, it will give effect of the
predominate one while stalling the effect of the other
less significant one. This is based on natural strength
of bhava which is
Natural strength of houses has been mentioned in
books like Laghu Parasari. The quadrants, in the
rising order of 1st, 4th, 7th & 10th are stronger than
the Trishadayas in the order 3rd, 6th & 11th. The
Trishadayas are stronger than the trine 5th & 9th
houses. The 2nd & 12th houses have no strength of
their own and depend on the other house lordship of
their owner. The eighth house is always evil and is
never stronger than the ascendant. Thus on the basis
of lordship the planets can be placed in the following
ascending order of natural strength (influence) in the
chart: 2nd, 12th, 5th, 9th, 3rd, 6th, 11th, 8th, 1st, 4th, 7th &
10th house lord.
Thus a planet owning both 8th and 9th shall give more
effects of 8th than 9th since naturally 8th is stronger
than 9th.
Randhr’s lordship of Sūrya and Candr is not evil.
Sun and Moon do not suffer the blemish of 8th
lordship.
8-10. Natural Benefics and Malefics. Guru and Śukr
are benefics, while Candr is mediocre in benefice and
Budh is neutral (a benefic, when associated with a
benefic and a malefic, when related to a malefic).
Malefics are Sūrya, Śani and Mangal. Full Candr,
Budh, Guru and Śukr are stronger in the ascending
order. Weak Candr, Sūrya, Śani and Mangal are
stronger (in malefic disposition) in the ascending
order. In revealing maleficence, due to rulership of
Kendras, Candr, Budh, Guru and Śukr are significant
in the ascending order.
Jupiter and Venus are natural benefics, Moon is
middling while Mercury neutral. Sun, Saturn and
Mars are the natural malefics.
Full Moon, Mercury, Jupiter & Venus are stronger in
that order for beneficence, whereas weak Moon, Sun,
Saturn and Mars are stronger in ascending order for
malfeasance.
Thus the sequence of planet arranged in the
increasing order of beneficence is Mars􀃆 Saturn􀃆
the Sun􀃆 weak Moon􀃆 full Moon􀃆 Mercury􀃆
Jupiter􀃆 Venus. This shows that Mars is the
deadliest malefic, whereas Venus is the most
benevolent one.
Moon (full as understood from the previous sloka),
Mercury, Jupiter & Venus becomes malefic in
ascending order if suffering from Kendradhipatya
dosa. Since Venus is the most benefic one, it suffers
from the dosa most, where as Moon being a feeble
benefic, suffers the least.
11-12. Lordships of Kendras and Konas. If there be
an exchange between a Lord of a Kendra and a Lord
of a Kona, or, if a Lord of a Kendra is yuti with a
Lord of a Kona in a Kendra, or in a Kona, or, if a
Lord of a Kona is in a Kendra, or vice versa, or, if
there happens to be a full Drishti between a Lord of a
Kendra and a Lord of a Kona, they cause a Yoga.
One born in such Yoga will become a king and be
famous.
For rajayoga, various kinds of associations between
Kendra and Kona lords are narrated here, they are:
1. Conjunction between lord of Kendra or Kona
2. Exchange (lord of Kona in Kendra and lord of
Kendra in Kona)
3. If Kendra lord is in Kona or Kona lord is in
Kendra.
4. Mutual aspect between lords of kendra and kona
13. If one and the same Graha gets the lordships of a
Kona, as well as a Kendra and is placed in a Kendra,
or in a Kona, it will prove specially a Yoga Karaka.
If a Kona lord also happens to be Kendra lord and
placed in a Kendra or Kona, becomes a special
yogakaraka (bestower of yoga). A yogakaraka needs
to be placed in a Kendra or Kona to become
specifically a strong yoga karaka, bestowing
affluence.
Tradition teaches that the placement of a yogakaraka
in the house it is a karaka of gives auspicious results.
Thus Yogakaraka Saturn is placed in the 12th house
for Taurus Lagna becomes extremely auspicious,
even if it is debilitated.
14. Lordship of Kendra. It has been said, that a
malefic, owning a Kendra, will become auspicious,
which is true, only when it simultaneously Lords over
a Kona and not by merely owning a Kendra.
It has been mentioned earlier that natural malefics
owning Kendra can bestow auspicious results,
however this is possible only of it simultaneously
owns a Kona and its mere lordship of a kendra does
not make it auspicious.
This sloka is often misinterpreted. Many take
Malefics as auspicious just by their virtue of owning
kendra, however Maharishi Parashara makes it clear
that such malefic should simultaneously lord over a
Kona.
15. If the Lords of a Kendra or a Kona own
simultaneously an evil Bhava, he does not cause a
Raja Yoga by mere relations stipulated (as per Ch.
34, Slokas 11 and 12).
For a rajayoga to form, the lord of the Kendra or the
Kona should not simultaneously rule a trishadaya.
16. Rahu and Ketu give predominantly the effects, as
due to their yuti with a Bhava Lord, or, as due to the
Bhava they occupy.
Nodes give their results based on their conjunctions
or their placements (is there are no conjunctions).
17. If Rahu and/or Ketu are in Kendra, receiving a
Drishti from, or in association with the Lord of a
Kona, or of a Kendra, it will become Yoga Karaka.
Nodes become yogakarakas if
1. They are placed in Kendra and aspected by a lord
of Kona.
2. They are associated with lord of a Kendraor a kona.
18. O Maharishi Parashara, please narrate,
according to the Rāśis rising, as to which Graha is a
Yoga Karaka and which is inauspicious.
19-22. Grahas and Mesh Lagna. O Brahmin, listen to
these with examples. Even though Mangal is the Lord
of Randhr Bhava, he will be helpful to auspicious
Grahas. Śani, Budh and Śukr are malefics.
Auspicious are Guru and Sūrya. The mere Yuti of
Śani with Guru will not produce auspicious effects
(although they own a Kona and a Kendra). If Guru is
at the disposal of a malefic, he will surely give
inauspicious results. Śukr is a direct (independent)
killer. Śani etc. will also inflict death, if associated
with an adverse Graha (Śukr).
Here Maharishi Parashara starts narrating about the
Yogakarakas and marakas for each lagna. They are as
follows:
Aries Lagna:
1. Sun: Sun is the lord of the 5th house and
hence a auspicious planet
2. Moon: Moon is the lord of kendra, hence
suffers with Kendradhipatya dosa. However
based on whether Moon is benefic or
malefic based on its paksha bala, we would
know if Moon is really suffering from
Kendradhipatya dosa.
3. Mars: Mars is the lord of lagna and the 8th
house. Since 8th lordship is neutral, it be a
auspicious planets for the lagna. However
due to 8th lordship it will not participate in
any rajayogas.
4. Mercury: Mercury is the lord of 3rd and 6th
house and being the lord of 2 trishadaya, it is
a first rate malefic.
5. Jupiter: Jupiter is the lord of 9th and the 12th
house. Since 12th house is a neutral house, it
is a auspicious planet, being the lord of a
Kona.
6. Venus: Venus being the lord of two maraka
sthanas 2nd and 7th lord becomes a primary
maraka, an independent killer.
7. Saturn: Saturn is the lord of 10th and 11th
house. Being the lord of a Kendra and a
malefic, it would have been a auspicious
planet (to some extent) however due to its
lordship over 11th house a trishadaya, it is
neutral to the lagna. Being the lord of a
trishadaya it will not participate in any
rajayoga. Thus its association with the
Jupiter the 9th and 12th lord, shall not bestow
the benefits of Dharma Karmadhipati yoga
on the native.
Bhavartha Ratnakara says:
1. A Sun-Moon combination confers rajayoga
2. Venus is a maraka
3. Jupiter becomes a maraka if he occupies
Capricorn
4. A Jupiter-Saturn association doesn’t confer a
rajayoga
5. An Aries native will have fear of diseases
(especially smallpox), weapons and injuries
6. If Mars conjoins Mercury, death by brain
disease occurs in his dasa and bhukti
7. This is the only lagna where it’s great if the
2nd lord is in the 12th; this isn’t the case
with any other lagnas
8. A Mars-Venus combination can be both
favourable and fatal
9. Mars, when conjoined with Jupiter and
Venus in Taurus, becomes a yogakaraka
10. If the above combination occurs in Gemini,
there isn’t any yoga
11. If Mars conjoins Jupiter in Cancer, he
becomes a yogakaraka
12. Mars will prove a benefic during his dasa if
he’s in Leo
13. Jupiter in Aquarius won’t automatically give
good results in his dasa
14. A Mercury-Mars combination in Virgo gives
the native skin diseases, eruptions and
wounds
15. The native will possess self-earned wealth if
Mars and Venus are in Libra
16. Mars, if in conjunction with Sun and Venus
in Scorpio, will confer some fame
17. There’s a special yoga produced when Mars,
Sun and Jupiter are in Sagittarius, with
Venus and Saturn in Libra
18. Venus confers a rajayoga if he’s in lagna
with the Sun and unaspected by Jupiter
19. Sun will become a yogakaraka when
aspected by Jupiter; the same can’t be said
for Venus when she’s aspected by Jupiter
20. A Sun-Mercury-Venus combination in
Aquarius is a fortunate combination, with all
three conferring riches during their dasas
and bhuktis
21. When Sun is in lagna and Moon in Cancer,
the native enjoys a rajayoga
22. A Sun-Jupiter-Venus combination in
Capricorn helps the native enjoy dips in holy
rivers like the Ganga
23-24. Grahas and Vrishabh Lagna. Guru, Śukr and
Candr are malefics. Śani and Sūrya are auspicious.
Śani will cause Rajayoga. Budh is somewhat
inauspicious. The Guru group (Guru, Candr and
Śukr) and Mangal will inflict death.
Taurus Lagna
1. Sun: Sun is the lord of 4th house is
auspicious, due to shedding off its
maleficence owning a Kendra.
2. Moon: Moon is the lord of 3rd, a
trishadaya, hence an inauspicious planet
for the lagna.
3. Mars: Mars is the lord of 7th and 12th
house. Since 12th lordship is neutral and
7th is a marakasthana, it becomes a
maraka, a death inflictor. However due
to lordship over a Kendra, it is also a
auspicious planet.
4. Mercury: Mercury is the 2nd and 5th
lord. 2nd lordship is neutral; hence
mercury is auspicious being the lord of
the 5th house. However being the 2nd
lord, it still retains its sting of maraka.
5. Jupiter: Jupiter is the 8th and 11th lord;
both are inauspicious lordship, hence
for this lagna this planet is inauspicious.
6. Venus: Venus is the Lagna and the 6th
lord. 6th lordship shall make the planet
inauspicious; in addition, the due to the
lordship of Lagna, a Kendra, it suffers
from Kendradhipatya dosa. Hence it is
inauspicious for the lagna.
7. Saturn: Saturn is the lord of 9th and 10th
house and hence a yoga karaka. Since it
is the primary karaka for the 8th and
12th, its placement in these houses shall
bring out the rajayoga. In addition to
this its association with other Kendra or
Kona lord shall also cause rajayoga,
however the other planet should not
suffer due to lordship of 3rd, 6th, 11th and
8th.
Bhavartha Ratnakara says:
1. Neither is Saturn a yogakaraka, nor do
Sun and Mercury confer any fortunes if
they’re in lagna
2. If there’s a Mars-Jupiter combination in
Capricorn or Rahu is in Aquarius, the
native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the
Ganga
3. Moon is capable of producing a yoga
when posited in Leo and aspected by
either Jupiter or Mercury
4. Mars, when in 7th, is a benefic. If Sun
and Jupiter are conjoined in Pisces, long
life is indicated
5. A Jupiter-Mercury association causes
dhana yoga
6. The above dhana yoga is destroyed if
either planet is aspected by Mars
7. There will be debts during Mercury’s
dasa if there’s an association between
Mars, Jupiter and Mercury
8. Jupiter’s dasa will give mixed results
whereas Mars’ dasa gives wealth. If
Mercury is in a quadrant, the native is
blessed with happiness during its dasa
9. If Mercury and Venus are in lagna and
Jupiter is in Scorpio, Mercury dasa will
be fortunate
10. If Mars and Venus are in lagna, and
Jupiter is in Capricorn, both Mercury’s
and Jupiter’s dasas will be fortunate
11. If Saturn, Mercury and Mars are in
Capricorn, and Rahu in Pisces, the
native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the
Ganga during the dasas of Mars and
Rahu
12. If Moon and Venus are in Libra, with
Jupiter and Mercury in Pisces, Jupiter
dasa will cause a dhana yoga
13. Lots of wealth are indicated in the
Venus dasa
14. Moon in lagna isn’t very auspicious,
and will afflict other dhana yogas
present in the chart
15. The native becomes very fortunate if
Moon is in the lagna of any sign other
than Taurus
25-26. Grahas and Mithuna Lagna. Mangal, Guru
and Sūrya are malefics, while Śukr is the only
auspicious Graha. The Yuti of Guru with Śani is
similar to that for Mesh Lagna. Candr is the prime
killer, but it is dependant on her association.